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West Java

Situating Land Conversion in Indonesia

Studies in Urbanisation, Land Use and Internal Migration Studies in the Extended Metropolitan Regions of Jakarta

Abstract

This study will examine the process of urbanisation in Southeast Asia by focusing on land conversion from agricultural to industrial and residential uses. It considers urbanisation to be more than the changing ratio of rural-to-urban population, but rather as a far-reaching process that affects cities, hinterlands and rural areas in different ways. The research focuses on the effects and characteristics of urbanisation in desakota (urban-rural) area, a settlement type is neither strictly urban nor rural in character, but mixture of both. It relies on the concept of ‘remittance landscape’ to examine the economic and social ties between the peri-urban regions proximate to cities and rural regions distant from cities. The research aims to redefine urban-rural areas according to the research context in Indonesia and to refine the existing literature on urbanisation in Southeast Asia.

 

 

An Anecdote

Dharma is a 66-years-old farmer. He is living with his wife and two grandchildren in Cikarang, West Java. Since the mid-1990s, he has cultivated a small land plot, which is owned by a big industrial park in Cikarang. There is no formal written agreement & rental cost for cultivating this land. Therefore, he conscious that he will surrender when this industrial park asks for the land at any time. The local government pretends these practices never happen. The rice harvesting is only for daily subsistence, and it’s difficult to Dharma to find additional jobs because of his age and less skill in the industrial sector.